The world sugar economy returned a deficit in 2021, after three years of surplus. World output fell short of global use by 3.312 mln tonnes.
World production during 2021 fell by 4.164 mln tonnes to 165.167 mln tonnes, a third year of decline. Global beet sugar production totalled 34.204 mln tonnes, down 0.191 mln tonnes from a revised 2020 total, while cane sugar production declined to 130.964 mln tonnes, down 3.972 mln tonnes.
World consumption rose in 2021, following three years of decline, to 168.479 mln tonnes, up 0.155 mln tonnes. World average per capita consumption in 2021 fell to 21.4 kg, down 0.2 kg from the previous year and lower than the 2016 high of 23.0 kg.
Sugar prices rose in the final quarter of 2020 and the first quarter of 2021, in line with other commodities, but rose more strongly mid-year before falling back in the final quarter of 2021, to return a 34% rise in the FAO food index sub-category, compared to a 23% increase overall.
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Members of the 1992 International Sugar Agreement The World Sugar Economy in 2021 Explanatory Notes Afghanistan Albania Algeria Angola Argentina Armenia Australia Azerbaijan Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belize Benin Bolivia Bosnia Brazil Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon, U. R. Canada Cape Verde Central African Rep. Chad Chile China China (Taiwan) Colombia Congo, Dem. Rep. Congo, Rep. of Costa Rica Côte d’Ivoire Cuba Dominican Rep. Ecuador Egypt, Arab Rep. El Salvador Eswatini Ethiopia EU Fiji French Territories Gabon Gambia Georgia Ghana Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Israel Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, P.D.R. Korea, Rep. of Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao, P.D.R. Lebanon Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mali Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Moldova, Rep. of Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nepal New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria North Macedonia Norway Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Russian Federation Rwanda Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Sierra Leone Singapore Somalia South Africa Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Switzerland Syrian Arab Rep. Tajikistan Tanzania, U. R. Thailand Togo Trinidad & Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates USA Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela Viet Nam Yemen Rep. Zambia Zimbabwe World Sugar Situation World Production World Exports World Imports Net Exports Free Market Net Imports Free Market Gross Exports of Raw Sugar Gross Exports of White Sugar Gross Imports of Raw Sugar Gross Imports of White Sugar World Consumption World Stocks World Per Capita Consumption Monthly Sugar Prices Wholesale and Retail Sugar Prices Equivalent Weights and Measures